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resource.c

/*
 * Copyright 1993 Network Computing Devices, Inc.
 *
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, distribute, and sell this software and
 * its documentation for any purpose is hereby granted without fee, provided
 * that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that both that
 * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in supporting
 * documentation, and that the name Network Computing Devices, Inc. not be
 * used in advertising or publicity pertaining to distribution of this 
 * software without specific, written prior permission.
 * 
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED `AS-IS'.  NETWORK COMPUTING DEVICES, INC.,
 * DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE, INCLUDING WITHOUT
 * LIMITATION ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A
 * PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR NONINFRINGEMENT.  IN NO EVENT SHALL NETWORK
 * COMPUTING DEVICES, INC., BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER, INCLUDING
 * SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING LOSS OF USE, DATA,
 * OR PROFITS, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY THEREOF, AND REGARDLESS OF
 * WHETHER IN AN ACTION IN CONTRACT, TORT OR NEGLIGENCE, ARISING OUT OF OR IN
 * CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
 * 
 * $NCDId: @(#)resource.c,v 1.3 1994/04/07 20:56:02 greg Exp $
 */
/************************************************************
Some portions derived from: 

Copyright 1987 by Digital Equipment Corporation, Maynard, Massachusetts,
and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

                        All Rights Reserved

Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its 
documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby granted, 
provided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that
both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear in 
supporting documentation, and that the names of Digital or MIT not be
used in advertising or publicity pertaining to distribution of the
software without specific, written prior permission.  

DIGITAL DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE, INCLUDING
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS, IN NO EVENT SHALL
DIGITAL BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR
ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS,
WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION,
ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS
SOFTWARE.

********************************************************/

/*    Routines to manage various kinds of resources:
 *
 *    CreateNewResourceType, CreateNewResourceClass, InitClientResources,
 *    FakeClientID, AddResource, FreeResource, FreeClientResources,
 *    FreeAllResources, LookupIDByType, LookupIDByClass
 */

/* 
 *      A resource ID is a 32 bit quantity, the upper 3 bits of which are
 *    off-limits for client-visible resources.  The next 7 bits are
 *      used as client ID, and the low 22 bits come from the client.
 *    A resource ID is "hashed" by extracting and xoring subfields
 *      (varying with the size of the hash table).
 *
 *      It is sometimes necessary for the server to create an ID that looks
 *      like it belongs to a client.  This ID, however,  must not be one
 *      the client actually can create, or we have the potential for conflict.
 *      The 30th bit of the ID is reserved for the server's use for this
 *      purpose.  By setting CLIENT_ID(id) to the client, the SERVER_BIT to
 *      1, and an otherwise arbitrary ID in the low 22 bits, we can create a
 *      resource "owned" by the client.
 */

#include <audio/audio.h>
#include <audio/Aproto.h>
#include "misc.h"
#include "os.h"
#include "dixstruct.h" 
#include "opaque.h"

extern void MarkClientException();

#define SERVER_MINID 32

#define INITBUCKETS 64
#define INITHASHSIZE 6
#define MAXHASHSIZE 11

typedef struct _Resource {
    struct _Resource    *next;
    AuID                id;
    RESTYPE       type;
    pointer       value;
} ResourceRec, *ResourcePtr;
#define NullResource ((ResourcePtr)NULL)

typedef struct _ClientResource {
    ResourcePtr *resources;
    int           elements;
    int           buckets;
    int           hashsize;   /* log(2)(buckets) */
    AuID          fakeID;
    AuID          endFakeID;
    AuID          expectID;
} ClientResourceRec;

static RESTYPE lastResourceType;
static RESTYPE lastResourceClass;
static RESTYPE TypeAuMask;

static void RebuildTable();

typedef int (*DeleteType)();

static DeleteType *DeleteFuncs = (DeleteType *)NULL;

RESTYPE
CreateNewResourceType(deleteFunc)
    DeleteType deleteFunc;
{
    RESTYPE next = lastResourceType + 1;
    DeleteType *funcs;

    if (next & lastResourceClass)
      return 0;
    funcs = (DeleteType *)xrealloc(DeleteFuncs,
                           (next + 1) * sizeof(DeleteType));
    if (!funcs)
      return 0;
    lastResourceType = next;
    DeleteFuncs = funcs;
    DeleteFuncs[next] = deleteFunc;
    return next;
}

RESTYPE
CreateNewResourceClass()
{
    RESTYPE next = lastResourceClass >> 1;

    if (next & lastResourceType)
      return 0;
    lastResourceClass = next;
    TypeAuMask = next - 1;
    return next;
}

ClientResourceRec clientTable[MAXCLIENTS];

/*****************
 * InitClientResources
 *    When a new client is created, call this to allocate space
 *    in resource table
 *****************/

Bool
InitClientResources(client)
    ClientPtr client;
{
    register int i, j;
 
    if (client == serverClient)
    {
      lastResourceType = RT_LASTPREDEF;
      lastResourceClass = RC_LASTPREDEF;
      TypeAuMask = RC_LASTPREDEF - 1;
      if (DeleteFuncs)
          xfree(DeleteFuncs);
      DeleteFuncs = (DeleteType *)xalloc((lastResourceType + 1) *
                                 sizeof(DeleteType));
      if (!DeleteFuncs)
          return FALSE;
      DeleteFuncs[RT_NONE & TypeAuMask] = (int (*)()) NoopDDA;
    }
    clientTable[i = client->index].resources =
      (ResourcePtr *)xalloc(INITBUCKETS*sizeof(ResourcePtr));
    if (!clientTable[i].resources)
      return FALSE;
    clientTable[i].buckets = INITBUCKETS;
    clientTable[i].elements = 0;
    clientTable[i].hashsize = INITHASHSIZE;
    /* Many IDs allocated from the server client are visible to clients,
     * so we don't use the SERVER_BIT for them, but we have to start
     * past the magic value constants used in the protocol.  For normal
     * clients, we can start from zero, with SERVER_BIT set.
     */
    clientTable[i].fakeID = client->clientAsMask |
                      (client->index ? SERVER_BIT : SERVER_MINID);
    clientTable[i].endFakeID = (clientTable[i].fakeID | RESOURCE_ID_MASK) + 1;
    clientTable[i].expectID = client->clientAsMask;
    for (j=0; j<INITBUCKETS; j++) 
    {
        clientTable[i].resources[j] = NullResource;
    }
    return TRUE;
}

static int
Hash(client, id)
    int client;
    register AuID id;
{
    id &= RESOURCE_ID_MASK;
    switch (clientTable[client].hashsize)
    {
      case 6:
          return ((int)(0x03F & (id ^ (id>>6) ^ (id>>12))));
      case 7:
          return ((int)(0x07F & (id ^ (id>>7) ^ (id>>13))));
      case 8:
          return ((int)(0x0FF & (id ^ (id>>8) ^ (id>>16))));
      case 9:
          return ((int)(0x1FF & (id ^ (id>>9))));
      case 10:
          return ((int)(0x3FF & (id ^ (id>>10))));
      case 11:
          return ((int)(0x7FF & (id ^ (id>>11))));
    }
    return -1;
}

static AuID
AvailableID(client, id, maxid, goodid)
    register int client;
    register AuID id, maxid, goodid;
{
    register ResourcePtr res;

    if ((goodid >= id) && (goodid <= maxid))
      return goodid;
    for (; id <= maxid; id++)
    {
      res = clientTable[client].resources[Hash(client, id)];
      while (res && (res->id != id))
          res = res->next;
      if (!res)
          return id;
    }
    return 0;
}

/*
 * Return the next usable fake client ID.
 *
 * Normally this is just the next one in line, but if we've used the last
 * in the range, we need to find a new range of safe IDs to avoid
 * over-running another client.
 */

AuID
FakeClientID(client)
    register int client;
{
    register AuID id, maxid;
    register ResourcePtr *resp;
    register ResourcePtr res;
    register int i;
    AuID goodid;

    id = clientTable[client].fakeID++;
    if (id != clientTable[client].endFakeID)
      return id;
    id = ((AuMask)client << CLIENTOFFSET) | (client ? SERVER_BIT : SERVER_MINID);
    maxid = id | RESOURCE_ID_MASK;
    goodid = 0;
    for (resp = clientTable[client].resources, i = clientTable[client].buckets;
       --i >= 0;)
    {
      for (res = *resp++; res; res = res->next)
      {
          if ((res->id < id) || (res->id > maxid))
            continue;
          if (((res->id - id) >= (maxid - res->id)) ?
            (goodid = AvailableID(client, id, res->id - 1, goodid)) :
            !(goodid = AvailableID(client, res->id + 1, maxid, goodid)))
            maxid = res->id - 1;
          else
            id = res->id + 1;
      }
    }
    if (id > maxid) {
      if (!client)
          FatalError("FakeClientID: server internal ids exhausted\n");
      MarkClientException(clients[client]);
      id = ((AuMask)client << CLIENTOFFSET) | (SERVER_BIT * 3);
      maxid = id | RESOURCE_ID_MASK;
    }
    clientTable[client].fakeID = id + 1;
    clientTable[client].endFakeID = maxid + 1;
    return id;
}

Bool
AddResource(id, type, value)
    AuID id;
    RESTYPE type;
    pointer value;
{
    int client;
    register ClientResourceRec *rrec;
    register ResourcePtr res, *head;
      
    client = CLIENT_ID(id);
    rrec = &clientTable[client];
    if (!rrec->buckets)
    {
      ErrorF("AddResource(%x, %x, %x), client=%d \n",
            id, type, (unsigned long)value, client);
        FatalError("client not in use\n");
    }
    if ((rrec->elements >= 4*rrec->buckets) &&
      (rrec->hashsize < MAXHASHSIZE))
      RebuildTable(client);
    head = &rrec->resources[Hash(client, id)];
    res = (ResourcePtr)xalloc(sizeof(ResourceRec));
    if (!res)
    {
      (*DeleteFuncs[type & TypeAuMask])(value, id);
      return FALSE;
    }
    res->next = *head;
    res->id = id;
    res->type = type;
    res->value = value;
    *head = res;
    rrec->elements++;
    if (!(id & SERVER_BIT) && (id >= rrec->expectID))
      rrec->expectID = id + 1;
    return TRUE;
}

static void
RebuildTable(client)
    int client;
{
    register int j;
    register ResourcePtr res, next;
    ResourcePtr **tails, *resources;
    register ResourcePtr **tptr, *rptr;

    /*
     * For now, preserve insertion order, since some ddx layers depend
     * on resources being free in the opposite order they are added.
     */

    j = 2 * clientTable[client].buckets;
    tails = (ResourcePtr **)ALLOCATE_LOCAL(j * sizeof(ResourcePtr *));
    if (!tails)
      return;
    resources = (ResourcePtr *)xalloc(j * sizeof(ResourcePtr));
    if (!resources)
    {
      DEALLOCATE_LOCAL(tails);
      return;
    }
    for (rptr = resources, tptr = tails; --j >= 0; rptr++, tptr++)
    {
      *rptr = NullResource;
      *tptr = rptr;
    }
    clientTable[client].hashsize++;
    for (j = clientTable[client].buckets,
       rptr = clientTable[client].resources;
       --j >= 0;
       rptr++)
    {
      for (res = *rptr; res; res = next)
      {
          next = res->next;
          res->next = NullResource;
          tptr = &tails[Hash(client, res->id)];
          **tptr = res;
          *tptr = &res->next;
      }
    }
    DEALLOCATE_LOCAL(tails);
    clientTable[client].buckets *= 2;
    xfree(clientTable[client].resources);
    clientTable[client].resources = resources;
}

void
FreeResource(id, skipDeleteFuncType)
    AuID id;
    RESTYPE skipDeleteFuncType;
{
    int           cid;
    register    ResourcePtr res;
    register      ResourcePtr *prev, *head;
    register      int *eltptr;
    int           elements;
    Bool    gotOne = FALSE;

    if (((cid = CLIENT_ID(id)) < MAXCLIENTS) && clientTable[cid].buckets)
    {
      head = &clientTable[cid].resources[Hash(cid, id)];
      eltptr = &clientTable[cid].elements;

      prev = head;
      while ((res = *prev))
      {
          if (res->id == id)
          {
            RESTYPE rtype = res->type;
            *prev = res->next;
            elements = --*eltptr;
            if (rtype != skipDeleteFuncType)
                (*DeleteFuncs[rtype & TypeAuMask])(res->value, res->id);
            xfree(res);
            if (*eltptr != elements)
                prev = head; /* prev may no longer be valid */
            gotOne = TRUE;
          }
          else
            prev = &res->next;
        }
    }
    if (!gotOne)
      FatalError("Freeing resource id=%X which isn't there", id);
}
void
FreeResourceByType(id, type, skipFree)
    AuID id;
    RESTYPE type;
    Bool    skipFree;
{
    int           cid;
    register    ResourcePtr res;
    register      ResourcePtr *prev, *head;

    if (((cid = CLIENT_ID(id)) < MAXCLIENTS) && clientTable[cid].buckets)
    {
      head = &clientTable[cid].resources[Hash(cid, id)];

      prev = head;
      while ((res = *prev))
      {
          if (res->id == id && res->type == type)
          {
            *prev = res->next;
            if (!skipFree)
                (*DeleteFuncs[type & TypeAuMask])(res->value, res->id);
            xfree(res);
            break;
          }
          else
            prev = &res->next;
        }
    }
}

/*
 * Change the value associated with a resource id.  Caller
 * is responsible for "doing the right thing" with the old
 * data
 */

Bool
ChangeResourceValue (id, rtype, value)
    AuID    id;
    RESTYPE rtype;
    pointer value;
{
    int    cid;
    register    ResourcePtr res;

    if (((cid = CLIENT_ID(id)) < MAXCLIENTS) && clientTable[cid].buckets)
    {
      res = clientTable[cid].resources[Hash(cid, id)];

      for (; res; res = res->next)
          if ((res->id == id) && (res->type == rtype))
          {
            res->value = value;
            return TRUE;
          }
    }
    return FALSE;
}

void
FreeClientResources(client)
    ClientPtr client;
{
    register ResourcePtr *resources;
    register ResourcePtr this;
    int j;

    /* This routine shouldn't be called with a null client, but just in
      case ... */

    if (!client)
      return;

    resources = clientTable[client->index].resources;
    for (j=0; j < clientTable[client->index].buckets; j++) 
    {
        /* It may seem silly to update the head of this resource list as
      we delete the members, since the entire list will be deleted any way, 
      but there are some resource deletion functions "FreeClientPixels" for 
      one which do a LookupID on another resource id (a Colormap id in this
      case), so the resource list must be kept valid up to the point that
      it is deleted, so every time we delete a resource, we must update the
      head, just like in FreeResource. I hope that this doesn't slow down
      mass deletion appreciably. PRH */

      ResourcePtr *head;

      head = &resources[j];

        for (this = *head; this; this = *head)
      {
          RESTYPE rtype = this->type;
          *head = this->next;
          (*DeleteFuncs[rtype & TypeAuMask])(this->value, this->id);
          xfree(this);      
      }
    }
    xfree(clientTable[client->index].resources);
    clientTable[client->index].buckets = 0;
}

void
FreeAllResources()
{
    int     i;

    for (i = currentMaxClients; --i >= 0; ) 
    {
        if (clientTable[i].buckets) 
          FreeClientResources(clients[i]);
    }
}

Bool
LegalNewID(id, client)
    AuID id;
    register ClientPtr client;
{
    return ((client->clientAsMask == (id & ~RESOURCE_ID_MASK)) &&
          ((clientTable[client->index].expectID <= id) ||
           !LookupIDByClass(id, RC_ANY)));
}

/*
 *  LookupIDByType returns the object with the given id and type, else NULL.
 */ 
pointer
LookupIDByType(id, rtype)
    AuID id;
    RESTYPE rtype;
{
    int    cid;
    register    ResourcePtr res;

    if (((cid = CLIENT_ID(id)) < MAXCLIENTS) && clientTable[cid].buckets)
    {
      res = clientTable[cid].resources[Hash(cid, id)];

      for (; res; res = res->next)
          if ((res->id == id) && (res->type == rtype))
            return res->value;
    }
    return (pointer)NULL;
}

/*
 *  LookupIDByClass returns the object with the given id and any one of the
 *  given classes, else NULL.
 */ 
pointer
LookupIDByClass(id, classes)
    AuID id;
    RESTYPE classes;
{
    int    cid;
    register    ResourcePtr res;

    if (((cid = CLIENT_ID(id)) < MAXCLIENTS) && clientTable[cid].buckets)
    {
      res = clientTable[cid].resources[Hash(cid, id)];

      for (; res; res = res->next)
          if ((res->id == id) && (res->type & classes))
            return res->value;
    }
    return (pointer)NULL;
}

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